3 Procedures Eye Surgeons Perform

Health & Medical Blog

Almost every part of the body is susceptible to injury or wear and tear as one ages. When this happens, different kinds of treatment can heal the injury or decrease symptoms. In some cases, surgery may be necessary. The eyes are no different. There are times when the eye becomes injured, or there is a decrease in vision health. In either of these instances, an eye surgeon may need to perform surgery.

Here are three procedures eye surgeons perform.

1. Corneal Transplant Surgery

Each eye contains a cornea, which is the outermost layer of the eye that functions as a lens. It's the cornea that focuses light and allows you to see clearly. The cornea also serves as a protective barrier against infections. A damaged cornea often results in vision loss. Getting part of the cornea replaced with donated corneal tissue is called corneal transplant surgery.

Here are some other instances when eye surgeons might need to perform this type of surgery:

  • The cornea bulges outward into a cone shape.
  • The cornea experiences thinning or tearing.
  • The cornea is scarred from surgery or injury.
  • The cornea is swollen.

The cornea might also have an ulcer that does not respond to any other type of treatment. Any of these corneal issues can result in vision loss, which is why a corneal transplant is necessary.

2. Laser Eye Surgery

One of the most common types of laser eye surgery is LASIK. Eye surgeons perform this surgery on candidates who wish to improve their vision. During this procedure, an eye surgeon uses a cutting laser to change the shape of the cornea. This type of laser eye surgery treats the following kinds of refractive errors:

  • Myopia. Also called nearsightedness and impedes far-away vision.
  • Hyperopia. Also called farsightedness and impedes up-close vision.
  • Astigmatism. The cornea has a curvature that disrupts near and distant vision.

After these refractive errors are corrected with LASIK eye surgery, it's usually no longer necessary to wear glasses or contact lenses.

3. Glaucoma Surgery

Glaucoma is an eye condition in which the optic nerve becomes damaged. It's usually caused by elevated eye pressure. This eye condition causes vision loss. There are different types of glaucoma, and some of them can be treated with glaucoma surgery.

To perform a procedure called a trabeculectomy, an eye surgeon creates a tiny opening in the eye and drains excess fluid in order to relieve eye pressure. Other types of eye surgeries used to treat this condition include glaucoma implant surgery and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS).

For more information on what surgeries eye surgeons perform, contact a doctor near you.


19 November 2021

Outstanding In-Home Care

When my mother fell at home and broke her hip, we all thought that we were going to have no choice to put her in a nursing home when she got out of the hospital. My mother had always asked us kids to avoid putting her in any kind of home, but we didn’t know what else we could do. None of us were capable of giving her the kind of rehabilitation and care that she needed. Then her doctor suggested that we find out if her insurance covered in-home care. I didn’t even know that that was an option. I was pleased to discover that in-home care was covered by her plan. Now she gets great care from nurses and nurse assistants that come right to her in her home, where she wants to be. It’s a great option, and I’m so glad we have it.